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                                            新世紀大學英語綜合教程第三版四第四單元課后練習及翻譯 - 下載本文

                                            Enhance Your Language Awareness Words in Action ▇ Working with Words and Expressions

                                            1 In the boxes below are some of the words you have learned in this unit. Complete the following sentences with them. Change the form where necessary. ■Answers:

                                            1) mass 2) gambled 3) voluntary 4) hunted 5) classified 6) abolished 7) division 8) senseless 9) fashions 10) coordination 11) declarations 12) committed 13) necessity 14) moderately 15) slightest 16) considerable 17) evaluate 18) derived

                                            2 In the boxes below are some of the expressions you have learned in this unit. Complete the sentences with them. Change the form where necessary. ■Answers:

                                            1) stands/stood a chance 2) ruled out 3) consist /consists of 4) gone through

                                            5) in the strict sense 6) At a guess 7) earns a living 8) coincide with 9) gone in for

                                            10) got their teeth into

                                            ▆ Increasing Your Word Power 1 Word Building

                                            Did you notice the suffix -ary and -ory in words such as “voluntary” and “satisfactory” in Texts A and B? The suffix -ary or -ory can be added to a noun to form an adjective. Now add the suffixes of -ary or -ory to the nouns in the following table to form adjectives, then translate them into Chinese. ▆ Answers: nouns suffixes adjectives Chinese meaning planet planetary 行星的 congratulation congratulatory 祝賀的 contradiction contradictory 矛盾的,對立的 custom customary 通常的,習慣的;慣例-ary / -ory 的 document documentary 公文的,文件的 explanation explanatory 解釋的;說明的 imagination imaginary 想象中的,虛構的 introduction introductory 介紹的,導言的 legend legendary 傳說(中)的,傳奇的 migration migratory 遷徙的,移居的 vision visionary 有遠見的;不實際的

                                            1) imaginary 2) congratulatory 3) Migratory 4) documentary 5) legendary 6) introductory 7) contradictory 8) explanatory

                                            2 Study the following usage notes and then complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate word from the box. ▆ Answers for reference: 1) vocation 2) posts 3) trade 4) job 5) work 6) profession 7) career 8) position

                                            3 Underline the mistakes in the following sentences, paying special attention to the use of prepositions. Write down your corrections in the space provided. If there is no mistake, write “No Mistake”.

                                            ▇ Answers:

                                            1) ( of ) Natural disasters are inevitable and they are independent on man’s will.

                                            2) ( against ) This incident can by no means justify their discrimination for the black people.

                                            3) ( for ) My son has little aptitude of sport but he excels in music. 4) ( with ) The deceased musician was buried in his home village in

                                            accordance to his wishes. 5) ( over ) The mayor (市長) presided on the ceremony to lay the foundation stone of the new museum.

                                            6) ( of ) Truth be told, I am envious about his fame and success though I always pretend otherwise.

                                            7) ( in ) The old man’s will was signed at the presence of two witnesses—his younger sister and one of his favourite students.

                                            8) ( No Mistake ) When Britain declared war on Germany, Jack’s grandpa joined

                                            the army and his grandma was frightened for his safety all the time.

                                            9) ( of ) The marketing strategy that I designed proved successful and my

                                            boss was very appreciative for my efforts. 10) (No Mistake ) The new theatre is very spacious, but unfortunately, it is difficult

                                            of access for wheel-chair users.

                                            11) ( for ) Edward Snowden was on a plane bound to Moscow when he got to know that his passport had been revoked (吊銷) by the US government.

                                            12) ( of ) Professor Peterson is very contemptuous for the so-called “popular” writers, whom he describes as talentless and worthless.

                                            Grammar in Context

                                            1 Turn the following complex sentences into simple sentences. ▇ Answers for reference:

                                            1) I don’t remember having borrowed/borrowing anything from you. 2) She’ll stay here for a couple of weeks before going on to New York. 3) The prospect of Professor Smith’s coming to see us cheered us all. 4) Jim, a man of strong character, naturally didn’t give in.

                                            5) Arriving at the school gate, he found his classmates had already assembled.

                                            2 Replace the that-clause in each of the sentences with a prepositional phrase. ▇ Answers for reference:

                                            1) He was afraid of falling behind the others.

                                            2) We were all amused at Henry’s running after the dog in his slippers. 3) Have they informed you of the change in the plan?

                                            4) We’re grateful to you for having given us so much help. 5) We assured them of our willingness to cooperate with them.

                                            Cloze

                                            Complete the following passage with words chosen from this unit. The initial letter of each is given. ▇ Answers:

                                            (1) enjoy (2) physical (3) compelled (4) necessity (5) support (6) mental (7) idealize (8) status (9) values (10) classified (11) essential (12) mind (13) attitude (14) fortunate

                                            Translation

                                            1 Translate the following sentences into English, using the words or expressions given in brackets.

                                            ▇ Answers for reference:

                                            1) 隨著她個人的生活細節越來越多地被媒體披露出來,她不得不辭去公司總經理的職務。

                                            2)她對自己的新工作很滿意,因為這份工作正好與她的興趣相符

                                            3)我買了這件襯衣,因為它的價格從300元降到了800元。

                                            4)為了把孩子撫養成人,這位母親真是歷經了各種磨難。

                                            5)警方在老太太的死亡案中已經排除了謀殺的可能性。

                                            6)市政府承諾將盡快采取有效措施,解決空氣污染的問題。

                                            7)因為腿部受傷,我沒有參加上個月學校舉行的網球錦標賽。

                                            8)要是能夠得到大多數女生支持的話,你贏得選舉成為學生會主席的機會是很大的。

                                            9)他寫的書并非都像這一本書這么成功,所以我建議你從圖書館把它借來讀一下。

                                            10)在2004年雅典奧運會上劉翔打破男子110米欄(110-meter hurdles)世界紀錄,獲得冠軍,這個記錄以前是由一個美國運動員保持的。





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